Dear Readers,

I am pleased to say that Konrad Adenauer Stiftung’s Regional Programme Australia and the Pacific (KAS Australia) and the European Cluster for Climate, Energy and Resource Security (EUCERS) at the University in Bonn have been able to organise their annual energy dialogue again this year. We started the first dialogue in 2018 between Australia and Germany and have developed it into a trilateral dialogue between Australia, Germany and Japan this year. The 2021 KAS EUCERS Energy Dialogue focusses on the emerging hydrogen economies in these countries and seeks to identify shared interests. More and more countries consider hydrogen as part of the solution to decarbonise their economies. And, whilst Germany and Japan are likely to depend on the import of hydrogen to do so, Australia has the potential to become a leading hydrogen producer and exporter. In the first virtual seminar, impulse statements were followed by a lively discussion and raised core issues of future hydrogen economies, including green versus clean hydrogen, the role of carbon capture and storage technology, and the certification of hydrogen to enable global trade. The discussion clarified some of the challenges on the way to decarbonisation in which hydrogen will play a crucial role. But plenty of challenges remain in all three countries, including the certification of hydrogen, which will be discussed in a second virtual seminar, presumably to be held in November this year. There is a “window of opportunities” for Australia, Japan and Germany – a window KAS Australia would like to keep open and let fresh ideas in.

I would like to take this opportunity to thank cordially the experts in the Trialogue, and authors of this publication, for their valuable contributions to the ongoing debate. We look forward to continuing this platform, be it in cooperation with our local partners to date, namely ANU’s Centre for Climate and Energy Policy (ANU CCEP), the University of Tokyo and the German-Australian Hydrogen Alliance or new cooperation partners, and hope that a personal encounter will be possible again next year.

Dr Peter Hefele
Director Asia and the Pacific
Berlin, July 2021


Dr Peter Hefele

Director Asia and the Pacific

Foreword

Analysis